· 1. Introduction. Surface coal mining activities completely destroy vegetation cover, soil and biodiversity. These postmining fallow lands are degraded, devoid of the basic pedological properties and are potential source of contamination (Frouz et al., 2008).Mining industry is temporary user of land unlike other industries, so there are ample opportunities to reclaim mine degraded land to ...
Finding a means to assure site reclamation disturbed by coal mining was a key objective of Congress in enacting the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 ("SMCRA").1 Facing a large inventory of unreclaimed mining land, Congress was concerned that without some means to require reclamation, land would be left in an unproductive state unsuitable for future agricultural or other ...
· While mine reclamation starts only after mining is complete, planning starts before the mine even receives its permit to begin operations, as the 1977 Coal Mining Reclamation Act stipulates. "After [The Coal Mining Reclamation Act], you've got to put it back as good as or better than it was to begin with," Thomas explains.
· Coal mining is an industry worth investing in | Opinion More than 1,200 Tennesseans are projected to be employed in good mining and ancillary jobs when the state is .
· Greg Arnett operates the Industry Mine, as president of Black Nugget LLC, which is a subcontractor of mine owner Springfield Coal Company. He takes great pride in the reclamation he does before land is sold. Peabody owns some of the land mined by Springfield and its predecessor, Freeman United Coal Company.
Luckily much of the land has been reclaimed by the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMRCA). A good portion of this reclaimed land is loed in the Appalachia, which is home to some of the world's most diverse temperate forestland, so for the revival of this ecosystem's biodiversity, the SMRCA is striving to use the reclaimed land for pasture or wildlife habitat use.
· Under DEQ's conceptual model, Wyoming coal companies would collectively deposit 1 billion — half the current total coal mine reclamation liability — in cash to initiate a trust. Each mining company would then make an annual 5% cash payment, which "should be a significant decrease, especially from any surety payment," Wichmann said.
· Thus, since 1977, reclamation of surfacemined land for coal is initially the responsibility of the Office of Surface Mining within the US Department of the Interior, but individual states are allowed to take this over where they develop state programmes that comply with the procedures in the Surface Mining Act and enforce permanent standards at least as stringent as the federal ones.
· US coal production has fallen a third in the past decade, and the Energy Information Administration projects stagnation in the industry. More than a million acres have been affected by coal mining. As more mines close, what happens to this land will define the fortunes of the communities that grew around the industry.
· CHEYENNE – Wyoming lawmakers are considering a new option for coal mine reclamation bonding that could reduce risk for the state in the .
Enugu coal mine site which ceased production since 2002. Keywords: Reclamation, Mining, Coal, Enugu, Soil, Production, Abandoned I. INTRODUCTION Loion and Geology of Enugu Coal Mine T he Enugu coal mine is situated in Nigeria with the geographical position system (gps) coordinates of latitude
· Firstofitskind approach to coal reclamation bonding in the works. A bull elk is seen on reclaimed land at the Antelope Mine in Wyoming. (Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality) Wyoming lawmakers are considering a new option for coal mine reclamation bonding that could reduce risk for the state in the event of insolvency.
· West ia has sought to tackle the problem through a coal mining reclamation program that is primarily funded through a tax on every short ton of .
· As the mining shifts, and each cut uncovers new coal, the spoils are used to refill each previous mined area and begin the process of reclamation, Wendtland explained. "They are reclaiming progressively as the mine moves," he said.
Stabilization and reclamation of coal refuse disposal ... areas and suggests strategies for their successful longterm reclamation and closure. The primary focus is establishment of vegetation, ... but it is similar to that of other coalmining states in the Appalachian coal region.
· Lignite mining can be traumatic for the land as the topsoil and overburden (soil between the top and lignite layer) are shoveled out and stored in piles while the coal is extracted. Federal laws were passed in 1977 requiring surface mined land be returned to as good or better than its premined .
Coal mining reclamation can give the surface landowner many more options for developing his land. In the mountainous terrain, a mining process call mountaintop removal can create very valuable and useable level land for the surface owner.
The Department of the Interior's Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, which oversees coal mining, began rewriting weak federal regulations in 1991; faced with industry ...
· on Ecological Restoration of Coal Mine Degraded Lands. The Society for Ecological Restoration (SER 2004) defines ecological restoration as 'the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed'. The process of natural succession, which happens concurrently with ecosystem development takes time.
· That's because of thorough mine reclamation efforts by Bluestone Coal Corp, owner of the mine and several more in this area. Bluestone is owned by West ia Gov. Jim Justice and his family. Steve Sarver, Chief Commercial Officer (CCO) for Bluestone, was at the site of the former Black River mine last week and said the reclamation process is routine now, and effective.
Up until the late 1970s, Appalachian coal mining operations frequently transformed forested lands into grasslands. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) legislated specific requirements for reclaiming lands mined for coal. Early postSMCRA reclamation strategies focused on the establishment and maintenance of herbaceous
· The environmental problems associated with active and abandoned mines and their abatement, particularly land reclamation and water quality maintenance, and the proper handling and disposal of the spoils and wastes from mining operations (, mountain top coal mining, coal combustion residues), also receive regulatory attention from the Environmental Protection Agency.
· The largest Brazilian coal mine, called Candiota mine, is loed in South Brazil, with an estimated reserve about billion tons. Since late 2003, an experiment loed at a reclaimed site in a coal mining area was conducted, in which a research group from the Federal University of Pelotas has been conducting a longterm experiment on soil quality with different plants species, such as ...
Handbook of Western Reclamation Techniques Page i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was supported in part by the Abandoned Coal Mine Lands (ACML) Research Program at the University of support was administered by the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality, Land Quality Division from funds returned to Wyoming from the Office of Surface Mining of the .